Youth Released from Juvenile Rehabilitation Institutes Suffer from Homelessness

The Washington State Department of Social and Health Services (DSHS) with participation from the Research and Data Analysis Division (RDA) has released a report titled Impact of Homelessness on Youth Recently Released from Juvenile Rehabilitation Facilities. The population for this report consists of 962 youth offenders released from a JR institution in 2010 and 2011. The released youth were studied over a 12-month follow-up period succeeding their release, in which several outcomes, such as housing status, criminal justice involvement, and behavioral health risk, were emphasized. This report investigates the number of youth released from a Juvenile Rehabilitation (JR) institution that encountered homelessness within 12 months following their release. The report also examines how the experience of homelessness affects released youth compared to youth with housing. The report finds that young adults, age 18 or older, face higher risks of homelessness upon being released than youth below age 18. Results also indicate that recidivism rates for arrest, conviction, and readmission to a JR institution are greater for homeless JR released youth than those with stable housing options. Findings also reveal that homeless released youth have greater behavioral health, medical, and mortality risks.

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